Portsmouth has connections with a number of famous writers. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) practised as a doctor at Bush Villas, Elm Grove, Southsea and wrote his first Sherlock Holmes story, A Study in Scarlet there. H.G. Wells (1866-1946) worked as a drapery assistant in a shop at the corner of King's Road and St Paul's Road. Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) spent six unhappy years of his childhood lodging in Campbell Road, Southsea while his parents were in India. Writer of popular novels, Nevil Shute (1899-1960), lived in Portsmouth from 1933 to 1939. In his role as an aeronautical engineer he set up the Airspeed factory in Portsmouth for aircraft, fuselage and spare parts.
Another famous engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-1859), was born in Portsmouth. Also born here was the eccentric philanthropist Jonas Hanway (1712-86), who was ridiculed as the first person to use an umbrella in London.
The great actor and comedian, Peter Sellers (1925-1980) was also born in Portsmouth.